By Sam Levin
By Jessica Lussenhop
By RFT Staff
By Keegan Hamilton
By Gavin Cleaver
By Sam Levin
By Sam Levin
By Sam Levin
Answers come easy for St. Louis County police and prosecutors when they try to explain why police shot and killed three unarmed African-Americans in two anti-drug operations in less than a year's time.
Annette Green, gunned down in her Wellston home in February during a drug raid, died because she didn't obey an officer when he told her to stop, authorities say. The cop thought the bolt she was holding was a gun or a knife.
Earl Murray, a suspected drug dealer, was shot to death in a Jack in the Box parking lot in Berkeley on June 12, 2000, because officers feared he would hit them with his car, say police and Robert McCulloch, St. Louis County prosecuting attorney.
Had Green and Murray obeyed officers and stopped when ordered to do so, no one would have died, say police and prosecutors.
But even law-enforcement officials sometimes have trouble with simple questions.
In May, the Riverfront Times asked McCulloch why Green wasn't prosecuted after police recovered crack from her home during a raid the year before she died. If Green, who already had a pending drug charge, had been prosecuted in 2000, she might not have been in the line of fire when police returned to her home in February. Asked why his office let Green walk after finding drugs, McCulloch had a simple answer: He told us the substance found on her dining-room table wasn't cocaine [Rushton, "Who's Next?" RFT, May 23]. In other words: No coke, no crime.
The only problem is, McCulloch was wrong. At a recent meeting of a citizens' police-practices-review committee, St. Louis County Police Chief Ron Battelle, in response to questioning by activist John Chasnoff, insisted his officers had found the real thing in the raid on Green's home in 2000.
According to a lab report on the substance recovered during the 2000 raid, obtained by the RFT after Battelle made his comments, the pebble of suspected crack was, in fact, crack.
McCulloch's explanation for his mistake? It was a clerical error.
"I was going by our records, which indicated that the items were not controlled [substances]," McCulloch says. "And apparently whoever put that into our records put in the wrong code. It was actually controlled. It's a tenth of a gram. What should have been in there, essentially, is, it's a lack of evidence: There are five or six people in the house; there's a tenth of a gram found sitting in plain view on the dining-room table. We had a hard time figuring who it goes to. Nobody said, 'It's mine.'"
The police who raided Green's house in 2000 didn't have any problem assigning blame. They arrested Green and booked her on suspicion of drug possession. They collected evidence and took more than 60 photographs. Police spokesman Rick Eckhard doesn't want dopers getting the idea that they can duck punishment by dropping their drugs on the floor when the cops come through the door.
"A lack of evidence?" Eckhard asks. "It's her home, and there's drugs in her home, and you want to know why she was arrested? There's enough probable cause to arrest her and take it to the PA. And then it's his decision to decide whether or not the warrant should be issued, which is actually issued by a judge. Sure, there was enough probable cause to make the arrest. Every time we walk into a room and the guy throws the pot between three people and says, 'It's not mine,' we're just going to say, 'OK'? I hate to think that would be the message. Was there probable cause? Yeah, [the arresting officer] had dope, and he had the owner of the house. That's Mr. McCulloch's decision as to the prosecution of it. That's the simple answer."
Chasnoff, who has attended every meeting of the police-review committee since it was appointed in March to look into the Jack in the Box and Green cases, suggests that the confusion between the prosecutor and the police on a simple question -- whether drugs were recovered during a raid -- shows just how much the public has yet to learn about the killings. Judging from what he's seen, he isn't confident the committee will provide that information or accomplish anything meaningful.
The 10-member panel, handpicked by County Executive Buzz Westfall and County Council members in response to public outcry over the Wellston and Berkeley killings, is supposed to be an independent body charged with examining the two cases, reviewing police practices in general and making recommendations for improvement. Like other activists who have watched the panel in action, Chasnoff says the meetings have turned into love-fests between the police and the committee, which has heard plenty from prosecutors and police brass but nothing from civilian witnesses. Despite the state Sunshine Law, the committee has allowed the police to withhold the name of every cop who participated in the drug raid on Green's house. More than a year after the fact, the panel has also been reluctant to demand records from the Jack in the Box killings, notably a surveillance videotape from the parking lot on which the entire shooting was reportedly captured.