Last week's post on oatmeal stout
mentioned the lovely ale style Kölsch. The Beertender was inspired to give it its proper due, especially now that it's available year round.
Kölsch rhymes with Grolsch
(unless you pronounce the o-umlaut the way they do in Germany, in which case it sounds something like kerlsh
). The similarity, however, ends there. Sure, Kölsch is bright yellow like a pale lager, but the taste is something else entirely. The more delicate flavor profile of Kölsch causes many to doubt its designation as an ale, but both ales and lagers can occupy all points on the flavor spectrum. Kölsch shows its ale colors when the top-fermenting yeast and pale malts imbue the brew with a subtle fruitiness many describe as vinous. Combine this with a healthy grain presence, gently balancing hops and a dry finish, and you've got one crisp, flavorful beer.
Kölschbier is often marketed as a summer beer. First brewed only in Köln (Cologne), Germany, this formerly obscure style is now produced all over the United States. Its light yet flavorful nature attracts many brewers who are committed to European traditions but also understand the attraction of a nice quaffer. U.S. brewers will often call their Kölsch a blonde ale to ease the unadventurous into a pint, but with the style's popularity reaching heretofore unseen levels, the original name is sounding less strange to our ears.
The word Kölsch simply refers to something from Köln. When pale lagers swept through Europe in the 19th century, brewers from Köln were eager to make a beer in their ale-friendly city that evoked the new, popular, sunshiney thing. The style has since been embraced by the entire city to the point that Kölsch now enjoys protected geographical status, like Roquefort and Champagne.