) for the following reasons:
1) If humans don't prepare nesting houses for them, they'll die out. According to the Purple Martin Conservation Association's Web site
, the birds' 100 percent dependence on people dates back to the Native Americans. (Check out the site's history page
for more on that.)
2) The speed at which they migrate up here from South America is way, way faster than previously thought. A recent study described in National Geographic
showed a female making the trip from the Amazon Basin
to Pennsylvania in 13 days -- that's an average of 358 miles a day (previous estimates had them flying at about 93 miles a day).
3) As "aerial insectivores" -- sounds bad-ass, eh? -- Purple Martins pluck from the air lots of critters that people tend to not like very much: wasps, flies, moths, junebugs, and flying ants (though not mosquitoes, as some maintain).
But the most important news of all? Purple Martins denote the coming of spring and a few of the birds have already been spotted near St. Louis.
The Missouri Department of Conservation reports
that the a few
Purple Martins have made their way to southern Missouri, and the agency expects a big wave of the
birds to arrive in the next few weeks.
of Brentwood -- perhaps St. Louis' most enthused amateur
enthusiast of the songbird -- has set up Purple Martin colonies in a
few places you could visit: the Missouri Botanical Garden, Cahokia
Mounds, and a couple different sites in Forest Park
: Wildlife Island (between the Boathouse and Art Hill) and Steinberg Meadow (near the ice rink).
you've seen them there before, you may see the same ones again because
these birds show a high degree of "site fidelity" (meaning they migrate
back to the same exact spot).
Miller reports a kind of friendly contest going on right now between him and Chris Feree
, a Forest Park Forever
nature reserve technician, over who will be the first to spot a Purple Martin.
But what the Daily RFT
wanted to know was, why does Miller care so much?
birds get under your skin," Miller explains. "They're expert fliers, and
they seem to have a lot of personality and a joy about them. Perhaps we
shouldn't attribute human characteristics to animals, but when they
land on that house in the spring, they seem to be thrilled to be back."
After a long schlep from South America, the first adult male Purple Martins should be alighting in Forest Park any day now. You might be interested in this species of songbird (